On February 22, 2021, a meeting took place between Volodymyr Yevhenovych Cheslavsky, Head of the Eternal Ukraine NGO, and Yulia Strelkova, Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor of Journalism at the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management. During February, Strelkova Yulia Oleksandrivna gave several lectures for volunteers of the Eternal Ukraine NGO and its leader Volodymyr Yevhenovych Cheslavsky.
The topics of the lectures were:
1) The categorical imperative of Immanuel Kant (The world-famous categorical imperative of Kant is a general moral law. This law does not prohibit anything, but requires a person to make decisions independently. “The principle of independence, autonomy of will – is the only principle of morality,” said Kant [ Kant I. Works – Vol. 4, Part 1. – M., 1965. – P. 254] .The main problem of morality – is to solve the question of what is good and evil.But Kant believed that there are specific answers there is no good or evil, for each individual will have his own as a result of a creative decision. “Act as if the maxim of your action by your will should become the general law of nature,” is Kant’s formula for morality. if a person does not want to take risks where there is good and evil, because he is not God and he has a fear that his intervention can do a lot of harm? The answer is one: a person can not take risks.Every moment of his life is a moment choice between good and evil. [N. Khamitov, L. Garmash, S. Krylov. History of philosophy: the problem of man and his limits. – К :. KNT, 2016. – 396 p.]. The main merit of Kant is that his ethics he developed the deepest layer of evangelical morality – the morality of free choice).
2) Spiritual values of the individual in modern society. (Spiritual values and their formation is a problem that has been and is always relevant. In Ukraine now there are constant changes that simply can not but affect the formation of personality and its qualities, such as humanity, justice, mercy, etc. Given the There is a great variety of value orientations of the individual, they can be divided into certain categories, in particular: intellectual and educational values, cultural values and political values. material well-being and enrichment have come to the fore, form the appropriate culture and life needs.Material values begin to occupy a leading position, while neglecting moral.Political values are closely interrelated with other types and forms of social values, defining needs and interests. , political values are an instrument of udosko domestic and foreign policy).
3) Religion and autism in the context of inclusion. (Education in Ukraine is undergoing major transformations. An important and progressive step in the development of values is the definition of inclusive education as ensuring equal access to education for all students, taking into account the diversity of special educational needs and individual opportunities. Autism has long been considered a disease, but This is not entirely true because autism is a congenital or early-acquired neurobiological developmental disorder, although long-term links have been established between changes in the structure and function of many parts of the brain and the manifestations of autism. Factors that cause these disorders: Different religions have their own views on the development and socialization of people with autism, but they are united by one thing – humanity in relation to each individual, because love, attention to man, respect for the human person must be above all).
As a result of the meeting, it was agreed that in the future the cooperation will continue and online lectures will be held in zoom on contemporary religious topics, taking into account the needs of people with disabilities.
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